IOM Tajikistan Today
Migration Management Projects
This programme concerns labour migration, which has played a key part in reducing poverty levels in Tajikistan, since most communities in rural areas are affected by migration, mainly to the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. Due to the complex nature of the labour migration this programme takes on comprehensive and holistic measures to promote policies and institutional procedures to respect, protect and fulfil labour migrants’ rights throughout the migration cycle.
In close cooperation with UNDP Communities Programme and German Technical Cooperation Agency (GTZ) and as part of the comprehensive Rural Growth Programme (RGP), IOM is collaborating to implement migration-specific interventions in Sughd region of Tajikistan – one of the mostly populated area with intense labour migration.
Today, nearly 300,000 Tajik women are considered abandoned by labour migrants. 91% of them have not received remittances in the last year, over half do not have consistent contact with the spouse, and the majority does not know his whereabouts. Nearly all are ignorant about their legal rights and unable to obtain information on assistance. This project will increase legal rights awareness of women heads of household, especially those who have been abandoned by migrant husbands.
MSCs provide labour migrants and potential labour migrants with legal information about travels, border crossing, customs check, housing, registration, work permit, employment agencies, travel and employment risks including human trafficking, information about access to medical service, medical insurance, taxation, remittance and about administrative punishment of violations of arrival orders.
The Operational Strategy 2012-2015 identifies the key thematic challenges and priorities guiding IOM's programmatic interventions in Tajikistan in the upcoming years.